FORCE2018 has ended
FORCE2018 at McGill University on October 11-12, 2018 – with pre-conference workshops on Oct 10 hosted at Concordia University

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Thursday, October 11


Applying Wittgenstein in Scholarly Communication: A Framework to Overcome the Challenges of Transdisciplinary Communication
We might want to engage with fellow researchers and students, but learning special vocabulary and language of another field can be a daunting task. In times of ever accelerating technological progress, scholarly communication is facing the challenge of reconciling increasingly specialized research programs and practices with the demand for interdisciplinary communication.

In this talk, I want to address the gap between theory and practice in a playful way by proposing a framework based on Wittgenstein's philosophy, contemporary cognitive science, and schol-comm technology. The main question that I want to explore is: "How can the theory help to design and build technology for scholarly communications which overcomes the challenges of transdisciplinary communication?" I will briefly introduce these concepts, provide some background for the philosophical ideas, and finally show how these relate to an actual piece of working scholarly communications software, viz., Open Knowledge Maps.

This framework provides tools to conceptualize scholarly communication and technology in a way that includes the individual cognitive and broader social dimension of communication.

COI: I am part of the non-profit OKM (openknowledgemaps.org). The draft of this paper is available on Authorea (https://www.authorea.com/210697/Y1Etz_Zx39cR7MUjcSgoUg)

avatar for Asura Enkhbayar

Asura Enkhbayar

PhD Stundet, Simon Fraser University

Thursday October 11, 2018 9:30am - 10:00am
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Could Open Be the Yellow Brick Road to Innovation in Genomics in North America?
Medical research in genomics advances at an accelerated pace. Every new discovery or invention creates a new and even more ambitious set of promises and associated expectations for improved healthcare. However, most of these promises are still to come to full fruition. Proponents of the patent system and its traditional proprietary model of commercialization claim that patents are the most effective instrument for providing the necessary incentives to allocate resources and efforts to advance innovation. However, the use of patents in genomics introduces major roadblocks leading to a slower, less efficient, and more burdensome innovation process. Moreover, patented innovation tends to be particularly costly contributing to the recent price rise of drugs, tests and medical devices. These high prices prevent poorer populations from obtaining the healthcare services they need. In order to create an improved innovation system in this field, a variety of open models of innovation have been proposed and used in addition to, or to replace, the patent system. In my presentation, I (and I call the audience to do it as well) consider whether open models of collaboration can pave a yellow brick road to future innovation. In order to do this, I present two projects in North America that have in fact adopted one or more open models of collaboration: Structural Genomics Consortium and Sage Bionetworks. I then open the discussion to determine to what extent can these models help advance innovation in genomics and where do they come short.

avatar for Palmira Granados Moreno

Palmira Granados Moreno

Academic Associate, McGill University

Thursday October 11, 2018 10:00am - 10:30am
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Classifying Knowledge to Democratise Innovation
Is Open Access/Open Knowledge levelling the playing field in terms of innovation and discovery? Or is Open Access developing the competitive advantage of Artificial Intelligence-powered invention machines?
Durham Zoo is a project to engage the community to build a search-and-innovation engine for science and technology. The crowdsourced human classification of concepts, an expression of Collective Intelligence, would be supplemented with AI.
The classification information would not be Open Access; however individuals could access the resource to search the ‘prior art’ or look for a novel solution to their problem.
Targeted advertising could generate revenue to pay for the development of the system and be fed back to the community via research into climate-change mitigation technologies, the search for new antibiotics, or whatever the community so desires.


Thursday October 11, 2018 11:00am - 11:30am
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Open Science Policies: Beyond the policy-making process
The National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) is the main founding institution for Mexican research activities. In 2017 Mexico, through CONACYT, became the first country enacting an Open Science Policy. Even when it can be considered as a remarkable milestone, I have seen many other challenges to tackle. During this session I would like to take 10 minutes to share my experience designing and implementing this mentioned policy and what I consider are the main elements to take into account like technical barriers, user's experience, political change, among others. I will attempt to answer at least 3 questions: How open science policies should look like?, Why research communities are the most significant variable in this equation? and Which are the toughest incentives to re-shape within this community? At the end of this exercise, I would like to encourage a 10 minutes discussion with the participants in order to retrieve new challenging questions arising from different fields of expertise and perspectives. Most of all, I wish to revisit concerns about open research data, the so far least developed area. The session notes could be considered as a recommendation list to draft open science policies.

avatar for Eunice Mercado-Lara

Eunice Mercado-Lara

Science and Technology Policy Deputy Director, National Council for Science and Technology
Eunice holds a major in International Relations and master studies in International Development. Her first approach to Open was in 2013, while collaborating as Visitor Research Associate within the AidData Research Lab from The William and Mary College. There she got familiar with... Read More →

Thursday October 11, 2018 11:30am - 12:00pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Engaging the Community in Support to Fair Open Access
In 1998, the Presses de l’Université de Montréal launched a pilot project aiming to ensure scholarly journals’ transition to digital format. Erudit.org, a platform dedicated to research production and dissemination, was born out of this local initiative and remains, to this day, the only Canadian platform in the humanities and social sciences, providing access to over 160 journals, 97% of which are available in open access. Registering over 23 million yearly page views, Érudit has recently strengthened its strategic partnership with the Public Knowledge Project in order to develop a comprehensive offering of editorial services. Together, they have created Coalition Publi.ca, a pan-Canadian alliance uniting stakeholders from the field of scholarly publishing - research libraries, acquisition consortia as well as universities - to promote open access and open science. Érudit and PKP are collaborating through Coalition Publi.ca to implement a fair funding model for open access and to develop research activities, as well as an open and community-managed technological infrastructure.

avatar for Tanja Niemann

Tanja Niemann

Executive Director, Consortium ERUDIT
Open Access Infrastructure - Journal Publishing - Open Access in Canada

Thursday October 11, 2018 12:00pm - 12:30pm
Room C14, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Gettin' Real at the FAIRground: Applying FAIR Principles to the eagle-i Research Resource Discovery Tool
Everyone knows about FAIR. But has anyone done FAIR? What does it mean to evaluate a distributed discovery tool containing research resources via the FAIR principles? Released in 2010, eagle-i (www.eagle-i.net) is an open, accessible discovery network of people, core facilities and research materials composed of an RDF framework, downloadable ontology/platform, public SPARQL interface, and an API. I will report on my attempts to:
1. Evaluate the ontology on how well it supports Findability within the disciplinary standards of bioinformatics and translational research;
2. Evaluate the eagle-i communications protocols and infrastructure for Accessibility;
3. Determine if the eagle-i ontology allows enough Interoperability for researchers to incorporate eagle-I resources into their scholcomm efforts
4. Develop metrics for our metadata to determine if it contains sufficient attributes and provenance to allow for Reuse.

Will I escape the funhouse and avoid being ambushed by a clown posse? The FAIRness of eagle-I will be revealed!

avatar for Juliane Schneider

Juliane Schneider

Lead Data Curator, Harvard Catalyst | Clinical and Translational Science Center
Generally harmless.

Thursday October 11, 2018 2:00pm - 2:30pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


The Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC): Reconfiguring the publication workflow in neuroscience
In this presentation, we provide an overview of the Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium (NPRC), one of the earliest attempts in biomedicine to address systemic problems in the publication workflow. The NPRC is hosted by INCF, the International Neuroinformatics Coordinating Facility (incf.org), an international organization that serves as a forum for coordinating digital neuroscience, particularly neuroscience infrastructure, across international borders. The NPRC was conceived at a Society for Neuroscience (sfn.org) -sponsored workshop held in 2007, Pubmed Plus: New Directions in Publishing and Data Mining, that focused on future opportunities for publishing in neuroscience, particularly for linking journals and data. The NPRC recognized that the current system of competing for limited space in top journals led to inefficiencies in publishing and an overstretched pool of reviewers. More than a dozen journals came together and agreed to share peer reviews across journals, regardless of the publisher. The NPRC has been running since 2008 and currently lists 24 journals.

During this time, there have been significant changes in the publishing landscape, e.g., the rise of “sound science” journals like PLoS One, ORCIDs, data journals, data citation and most recently, a change in attitude towards pre-print services in biomedicine. The NPRC was one of the first groups to reimagine how the publication workflow could work, and took some sensible steps to do so. It has been operating at a sustained but modest level, in part because of some of the technological and sociological barriers to transferring reviews in our current systems. But over time, members of this consortium have started to recognized that we could go much further.

In addition to streamlining the process of peer review, and re-imagining the publication workflow, the community would benefit immensely from an agreement across the many neuroscience journals to establish the standards by which both data and code are communicated across the community and reviewed. NPRC can therefore act as a forum and a decision body based on consensus to harmonize some of the practices in the field. The social process used to choose, establish and enforce these best practices would follow the INCF transparency and consensus building principles.

This talk will engage the audience to consider the future of the NPRC network and the need for cohesive actions led by the community across competing journals.

My co-authors are Maryann E. Martone, UCSD and David N. Kennedy, University of Massachusetts


Jean-Baptiste Poline

Resercher, McGill
Publication culture in research, data analsysis methods in brain imaging

Thursday October 11, 2018 2:30pm - 3:00pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Sharing Software Preservation Network (SPN)
The Training and Education working group of the Software Preservation Network (SPN) works to facilitate and support software curation and preservation through knowledge sharing and dissemination. This working group engages researchers, librarians, scholars, institutions, and other software preservation initiatives to produce content that brings awareness to the critical need for software preservation, the complexities of this task, and the need for disciplinary specific workflows and solutions. In this presentation members will share recent work and content from the Training and Education working highlighting the forms of webinars and in-depth interviews as a method for engaging the vast and distributed network working on and with software curation and preservation. Engaging this network is vital to establishing best practices and learning how to move forward with software curation and preservation with an eye to creating accessible archives, tools, and shared methodologies.


Thursday October 11, 2018 3:30pm - 4:00pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


National Digital Library of India: Democratizing Education through Digital Engagements
India has wide geographic expanse and large population, especially in the young group. To derive the demographic dividend, this young population needs to be made a knowledge enabled work force through greater dissemination of education. Though Indian Higher Education system itself happens to be one of the largest in the world, it is still almost impossible to educate this huge population without leveraging e-learning especially since the country has severe lack of quality teachers. Hence Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, through its National Mission Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) initiated the National Digital Library of India (NDLI: https://ndl.iitkgp.ac.in) in this perspective. The project is being executed by Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur and is targeted to democratize education. Naturally, one of the key challenges of the project is the engagement of students, teachers, academicians, and all stakeholders in this nation-wide initiative. The talk will provide an overview of the project and the various steps taken in respect of institutional partnerships and user connects.

avatar for Partha Pratim Das

Partha Pratim Das

Professor, IIT Kharagpur

Thursday October 11, 2018 4:00pm - 4:30pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8
Friday, October 12


Open Access Memberships - Do they have a future?
Many Open Access publishers offer memberships to institutions that allow for reduced or waived APCs for affiliated researchers. One of the most common arguments in their favour is that they engage authors with the concept of OA publishing by reducing or removing hurdles. This talk aims to assess whether that purported engagement is compelling. Do authors even know about the membership options available to them? Do they ask librarians to make these arrangements? Do they offer a counterbalance to legacy offsetting deals. And are memberships a scalable solution for the future?

avatar for Paul Tavner

Paul Tavner

Head of Partnerships, Hindawi
Paul oversees the development of Hindawi’s strategic partnerships, including the institutional membership program and publishing partnerships with Wiley and AAAS.

Friday October 12, 2018 9:30am - 10:00am
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Tools for Reproducibility and Extensibility in Scientific Research
Open inquiry through reproducing results is fundamental to the scientific process. Contemporary research relies on software engineering pipelines to collect, process, and analyze data. The open source projects within Project Jupyter facilitate these objectives by bringing software engineering within the context of scientific communication. I will highlight specific projects that are computational building blocks for scientific communication, starting with the Jupyter Notebook. I will also explore applications of projects that build off of the Notebook such as Binder, JupyterHub, and repo2docker. I will discuss how these projects can individually and jointly improve reproducibility in scientific communication. Finally, I will demonstrate applications of Jupyter software that allow researchers to build upon the code of other scientists, both to extend their work and the work of others.


Jessica Forde

Project Jupyter

Friday October 12, 2018 10:00am - 10:30am
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


On Jupyter notebooks and the dissemination of information retrieval-related data pertaining to a common challenge in scholarly publishing: academic editor manuscript assignment.
Efficiently routing manuscripts to qualified academic editors is a common challenge in peer review cycles. Here we’ll look at how PLOS used information retrieval methodologies and algorithm classifiers to grade the performance of its own manuscript-to-editor matching solution, and then engaged the project’s audience through use of Jupyter notebooks to disseminate resulting data. Furthermore, as our goal was not only to evaluate an existing in-house implementation, but also to provide a consistent analysis framework to be used across potential solutions involving concept extraction, we'll discuss approaches to both of these aspects in this session.

avatar for Eric Lopatin

Eric Lopatin

Product Manager, Public Library of Science

Friday October 12, 2018 11:00am - 11:30am
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Defining collaboration in the (Global) Digital Humanities
Digital Humanities (DH) is often considered as an innovative and collaborative community. Collaboration is considered to be essential to DH, as one researcher can rarely have all of the humanistic and technical knowledge to work alone on a project (see, for instance, DH Commons: https://dhcommons.org/projects). DH collaboration can take many forms, for example, between technical and non-technical humanistic groups, the public who participate in crowdsourcing projects, and also with researchers across different countries. However, collaboration remains under-discussed inside the DH community and there is no consensus about what a collaborative DH project should be. This is a problem when engaging researchers from different locations in DH transnational “global” projects, as those external reserchers are rarely given funding or the credit they deserve for their participation, and their work remains, most of the times, invisible. Also, the lack of open policies in DH projects do not help to establish a continuous engagement with the different DH communities around the world. On the opposite, this kind of collaboration is intermittent and that DH knowledge is rarely disseminated locally, as many DH projects still use propietary software. I am interested in deepening in these issues in my talk, in order to work on a more global and critical DH.

avatar for Gimena Del Rio Riande

Gimena Del Rio Riande

Researcher, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)

Friday October 12, 2018 11:30am - 12:00pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Open Stories: Showing a Successful Open Career is Possible
Researchers see sharing their research openly as a risk. Many researchers are concerned the won’t get academic promotions, or their research will be scooped if they share it publicly. Open Stories seeks to solve that problem by gathering success stories of Open advocates and practitioners to show that a successful Open career is possible. Open Stories will re-frame the conversation from risk to communicating that an open successful career is possible. By engaging researchers who are skeptical about openness with stories of others they identity with, we can create change. This presentation will overview the status of the project, open for a discussion on how to improve the project, and overview how attendees can contribute stories whether their own during FORCE or by hosting recordings sessions when they return home after the conference.


Friday October 12, 2018 1:40pm - 2:10pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Diverse Perspectives: Exploring Scenarios for the Scholarly Commons
The Scholarly Commons is something many of us hope for, but understanding what it might look like offers a unique challenge. This session will function as a workshop to create and share brainstormed scenarios (or sketches) that will help us better understand what scholarly commons are all about. We will use these scenarios as entry points into deeper discussions that explore the future, open our minds, and enable us to see things we might not have noticed before. What are the assumptions? What are the pieces? What would good look like? What are the differences from today? What is actually needed? By engaging with those from different backgrounds and perspectives we aim to attain a better understanding of specific needs of diverse groups. Insights and understandings will also help inform the ongoing work of the Scholarly Commons Working Group 4, which is peering through the lenses of both technology and scholarly commoning in an effort to find, gather, or create the technology needed to support a future for research communication that meets our collective and diverse needs.

avatar for Katie Chapman

Katie Chapman

Pentandra Research Solutions

Friday October 12, 2018 2:10pm - 2:40pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Social Scholarly Web
In this talk we will discuss the realisation of a social scholarly information space that is completely driven by autonomous and interoperable open Web standards. What are the effects and artefacts of such a paradigm? How is it different than the plethora of existing services and platforms? Why would a researcher-centric approach to scholarly communication be desirable? See also the https://linkedresearch.org/ initiative and the https://dokie.li/ tooling.

Slides: http://csarven.ca/presentations/social-scholarly-web/

avatar for Sarven Capadisli

Sarven Capadisli

TIB Hannover
Linked Research, dokieli, decentralisation, personal profiles (WebID) and storages, Linked Data Notifications, Web Annotation, Solid (Social Linked Data)

Friday October 12, 2018 3:00pm - 3:30pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Engaging Academia with Japan-wide Data Platforms and RDM Charter
Co-authors: Takaaki Aoki and Katsuhiko Toyama

This presentation introduces the audience with Open Science developments in Japan. First, it introduces the policy developments related to open access and Open Science in Japan, which explains the ignorance of Japanese academia on these issues. Next, the Japan-wide research data platforms to be provided to all Japanese universities by the National Institute of Informatics is introduced which aim to engage the Japanese academia by providing a data management platform to be used in active research. The importance of laying a context for research data management within the academic institution is stressed and the drafting of the “Research Data Management Charter in Academic Institutions” by AXIES, the Japanese-version of EDUCAUSE in the US, is introduced. Finally, it refers to the possibility of establishing a data sharing environment apart from commercial entities.

avatar for Miho Funamori

Miho Funamori

Associate Professor, National Institute of Informatics

Friday October 12, 2018 3:30pm - 4:00pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


PREreview: engaging early career researchers in peer review
Although the use of preprints in the life sciences is rapidly increasing, their adoption is still far from being the standard practice in scholarly publishing. At PREreview, we want to facilitate that cultural shift where every scientist posts, reads, and engages with preprints. Furthermore, PREreview seeks to diversify peer review by supporting the community review of preprints and their integration into the traditional peer review process. As early-career researchers (ECRs), we recognized that ECRs are rarely trained in how to contribute to peer review - despite it being a key aspect of every researcher’s life - and even more rarely are they formally invited to engage in editorial peer review. During the talk, I will share our progress in building a community of ECR preprint reviewers, the stakeholders we have engaged to support and expand our mission, and our vision to facilitate the growth of a community that openly exchanges timely, and constructive feedback on emerging scientific outputs. Engagement, openness and collaboration are at the heart of PREreview and have been since day one. We hope to share this message at FORCE2018

avatar for Monica


Leadership Team, PREreview
As 1/3 of the PREreview Leadership Team I am committed to increasing the adoption of preprints and facilitating the training of early career researchers in peer review.

Friday October 12, 2018 4:00pm - 4:30pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8