FORCE2018 has ended
FORCE2018 at McGill University on October 11-12, 2018 – with pre-conference workshops on Oct 10 hosted at Concordia University

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Thursday, October 11


Community supported open data infrastructure - Dryad and CDL's plans for accelerating data publishing
Signs are indicating that the commercial world will soon take over the open data space. Innovation is required both in the workflows for data publishing as well as in sustainability plans for data repositories. Dryad and California Digital Library are partnering to provide an open-source and affordable service focused on global institutional membership, seamless publisher integrations, and community (institution, publisher, researcher, curator) buy-in for open data publishing. This session will be focused on a discussion with all research stakeholders present to gather needs, values, and priorities that would lend to a higher adoption rate of curated and published data. Our intention is to engage the community in a way that will lead to a community supported platform and service.

avatar for Daniella Lowenberg

Daniella Lowenberg

Data Publishing Product Manager, University of California
Product Manager for Dryad at California Digital Library and member of the Make Data Count team working to provide stewardship for open data and develop meaningful metrics for measuring the impact of data in the research world. Many kinds of identifiers are the connectors in this world and Daniella is working with many partners to make those connections happen... Read More →

Thursday October 11, 2018 9:30am - 10:00am
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


A decentralized scholarly commons
Today’s scholarly research outputs (data, publications, and other digital objects) are stored and accessed via a centralized Web-based infrastructure. Those who control infrastructure and platforms also control content preservation, storage, and access. Centralization has shaped the discovery, access, and reuse of scholarly outputs. Issues such as link rot and inadequate documentation hinder scholarly work. Meanwhile, privatization of online scholarly resources has lead to global inequality in information access, as private web-based services inherently prioritize those with the resources to pay for access. Decentralization introduces a new model for how data are stored, shared, and accessed. Decentralized models require the engagement of network participants and have the potential to create a sustainable scholarly commons. We are collaborating with California Digital Library and the Internet Archive to add decentralized properties to their existing data preservation systems. Our shared goal is to spread redundant verified copies of data across many institutions, ensuring open access and reducing long-term costs for libraries. We envision this network as a key step in the cultural repositioning of open knowledge as a commons. It’s time to ask whether traditional, centralized Web architecture aligns with scholarly priorities and values, and to collaboratively move towards new approaches that do.


Danielle Robinson

Code for Science & Society

Thursday October 11, 2018 10:00am - 10:30am
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Towards a Frictionless Data Future
For a while now, there have been calls in the open data community for data publishers to improve the quality of data they publish. These calls have focussed efforts on answering 'Why better data quality matters'. 'Towards a Frictionless Data Future' talk is designed to go a step further and answer the 'How to publish higher quality data'. The aim of this session is to paint a picture of issues users face in working with data, and evoke data publishers to think about ways to improve the quality of the data they publish. The talk culminates with the introduction of the Frictionless Data Field Guide (http://frictionlessdata.io/field-guide/), which hand-holds data publishers on using Frictionless Data tools to improve data quality and as part of their data publishing workflows. I foresee no conflicts of interest.

avatar for Serah Njambi

Serah Njambi

Developer Advocate, Open Knowledge International
I love working with and in communities! Let's chat about all things open (open source and open data), data quality and data validation. Ask me about Kenya, too!

Thursday October 11, 2018 11:00am - 11:30am
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Exploring Data Citation in Crossref and DataCite's Event Data service
For the past several years data citation has been an important topic in the research community. This paper seeks to address two questions related to this topic: 1) How data citation has grown over the last several years, and 2) What are the limitations of using the Crossref and DataCite's Event Data service as a source of data citation analyses. Event Data is a collaborative service of Crossref and DataCite that retrieves and exposes the activity that occurs around research (publications, research, software, etc.). In this work, we performed an exploratory analysis of data citation dataset collected via Crossref and DataCite's Event Data service. We analyzed data that used the preferred method for data citation according to the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles. Additionally, we examined records downloaded from the Crossref and DataCite's Event Data service and developed a series of recommendations regarding the use of this source for data citation analyses. The analysis shows that data citation is growing at a slow pace. Furthermore, we found data citation differences between publishers and data centers. We identify limitations in terms of identifying the types of relationship between datasets and publications. We anticipate that this will that help identify early patterns of data citation. We also expect that this work would lay the groundwork for future analysis of data citation using the Crossref and DataCite’s Event Data and DataCite services.


Kristian Garza

DataCite e.V.

Thursday October 11, 2018 11:30am - 12:00pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Wikidata, Wikibase, and a federated ecosystem of structured knowledge for open science
Over the past several years, interest in leveraging Wikidata as an open knowledge base has been growing in areas ranging from cultural heritage institutions and libraries to research and technology organizations. With its inherent multilinguality, human-editable interface, community-driven approach to data modeling and curation, systemic connection to Wikipedia and sister projects and alignment with the FAIR Principles for sharing data, there is an emerging consensus that Wikidata represents a significant step for turning Linked Open Data into a practical and useful technology. It provides a bridge between the many siloed knowledge bases that have emerged in the more than two decades since Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the notion of the semantic web. Despite this growing interest, there is still a fundamental lack of understanding of what Wikidata's strengths and weaknesses are, or those of Wikibase —the engine behind Wikidata. While experiments have been proliferating with the use of Wikibase, it is still very much an open question how to create a sustainable, federated ecosystem of knowledge bases to support open research, and what the social, technical, institutional barriers are towards this vision . We would like to use this session as an opportunity to identify and discuss user stories from researchers and practitioners working on open research infrastructure and understand what a model could be to get more groups onboard to design a possible path towards this vision.

avatar for Daniel Mietchen

Daniel Mietchen

Researcher/Scholar/Scientist, Data Science Institute, University of Virginia
- Integrating research workflows with the Web - Engaging the research community and the public with open research workflows - Using open research workflows in educational contexts
avatar for Dario Taraborelli

Dario Taraborelli

Science Officer, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative
Dario is a social computing researcher, a technologist, and an open knowledge advocate based in San Francisco. As the Science Program Officer for Open Science at the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, his goal is to build programs and technology to support open, reproducible, and accessible... Read More →

Thursday October 11, 2018 12:00pm - 12:30pm
Room C13, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


A look at public engagement, publication outputs and metrics in the tenure review process
After revising the policy guidelines that inform the tenure review process in 129 institutions of higher education across the United States and Canada, an interdisciplinary team of researchers asked this question: Are we serving the public, or are we serving ourselves? Our ongoing research project revised 864 documents and forms that guide the promotion, tenure and review process in several Canadian and American institutions to identify the mentions to public and community engagement in research and scholarly work. We found that, although there are high levels of broad interest in public and community engagement in scholarship, such an interest is not precisely aligned with the specific scholarly outputs required from faculty, and the metrics for evaluating publication impact. Thus we would like to discuss with the academic community: How should we transform these guidelines, and the overall tenure review process, to ensure that public and community engagement in scholarship becomes a more meaningful requirement in faculty promotion and evaluation?

avatar for Erin McKiernan

Erin McKiernan

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Thursday October 11, 2018 2:00pm - 2:30pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


On the positive side: workflows supported by commons-compliant tools & platforms
What could a fully commons-compliant workflow look like? Many changes currently sweeping through scholarly communication as well as those proposed by the avant garde in various stakeholder groups focus on openness, efficiency and equity. For such changes to take effect researchers and other stakeholders need to be aware, able and incentivized. A crucial condition here is that desired practices are supported by compliant tools and platforms throughout the research workflow. Those tools and platforms should be compliant with frameworks setting criteria for open, efficient and equitable infrastructures. This session uses two of those frameworks (The FORCE11 scholarly commons principles and the Principles for Open Scholarly Infrastructures) to present an example set of compliant tools and platforms that can be recognized as realistic and useful. The selection of that set reflects two years of discussions, workshops and webinars. It is not the one and final answer though. It is intended to spark further discussion as much as to be put to immediate use. In a discussion we will determine potential uses of such a compliant workflow examples, explore the borders and greyness in compliance checking and gauge the importance of interoperability, discipline specificity and any gaps remaining. We plan to use an accompanying interactive poster to collect and present input from participants during the conference.

This presentation reflects the collaborative work of the scholarly commons working group.

avatar for Jeroen Bosman

Jeroen Bosman

Scholarly Communications Librarian, Utrecht University
Talk to me about what's on your mind ;-) You can ask me anything about Open Science, the 101 Innovations in scholarly communications survey and project, research tools, the Force11 scholarly commons working group and of course photography, cycling and the absurd.
avatar for Bianca Kramer

Bianca Kramer

Utrecht University Library
Making scholarly communication truly open and participatory is not (just) about agreeing on definitions. It's about people and practices, about providing good infrastructure to carry out and disseminate research, and supporting people in the choices they make as they shape their... Read More →

Thursday October 11, 2018 2:30pm - 3:00pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Supporting open source requires trust: A look inside the Substance Consortium
There are increasing calls for open source infrastructure to support scholarly communications, but it hard for organizations to invest into open source projects without having some guarantees that the outcome will meet all their needs. This makes supporting open source complicated, and leads to organizations building their our own tools and, in the best of cases, sharing their software publicly. But, with a little trust and good will, the Substance Consortium is demonstrating another way forward. This presentation will describe how the Public Knowledge Project, Erudit, SciELO, and eLife have been working together, without any formal agreement, to support Substance in building the Texture editor. Representatives from each organization will discuss how they are working within their diverse institutional constraints to coordinate with the others and deliver an editor that will soon be found in thousands of journals and editorial workflows.

avatar for Juan Pablo Alperin

Juan Pablo Alperin

Co-Director, Simon Fraser University
Dr. Juan Pablo Alperin is a co-director of the #scholcommlab, as well as an assistant professor at the Canadian Institute for Studies in Publishing and an associate director of research of the Public Knowledge Project at Simon Fraser University, Canada.

Thursday October 11, 2018 3:30pm - 4:00pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Supporting Research Communications: success stories in open source
Open Source Software (OSS): buzzword or badge? Or does it have material benefits to scholarly communications? In other words, can it live up to the hype as a catalyst for innovation? With OSS, anybody can view, use, modify, and distribute a project for any purpose. It supports collaboration - projects can accept code contributions from anybody in the world. It provides transparency - anyone can inspect an open source project for errors or inconsistencies. It also encourages adoption and remixing - code is extended or built off of in any manner of ways. It is a framework for instilling trust amongst the community who use and rely on it.

In scholarly communications, there are plenty of open source projects that died on the vine, just as in the larger world. There are no guarantees that applying an Open Source Software model will lead to a successful project. However, counter-examples are difficult to identify and as important to our ongoing conversations about how to create a robust and healthy scholarly ecosystem. We present three successful examples of OSS projects that spawned successful derivative projects — high-impact efforts with far larger communities served:

PLOS built Lagotto to track events around scholarly content collect and generate article-level metrics. It achieved scale once Crossref and DataCite built off of the source code to create the Event Data system, now tracking all publications - literature and data - with a DOI.

California Digital Library (CDL) built DMPTool to help researchers create data management plans that meet institutional and funder requirements. Separately, Data Curation Centre developed its own, DMPonline. The two found common ground and built a single codebase, Roadmap, which is now managed by both organizations, and is supported by developers worldwide.

Dryad Digital Repository’s underlying technology for their data repository was DSpaced-based (DryadRepo). To scale up and serve a larger population of researchers as well as support more modern and efficient data deposition and data curation, they are partnering with CDL, building from CDL’s OSS project, Dash, to power their service. The combined forces have resulted in a new OSS project, DataDryad.

Each example will be presented by a representative working on each of the original OSS projects so that they can elaborate on their real experiences (based on order above): Jennifer Lin, Carly Strasser, and John Chodacki. COI - John Chodacki is chairing the conference and Jennifer Lin is on the program committee.

avatar for John Chodacki

John Chodacki

Director, University of California Curation Center (UC3), University of California
John Chodacki is Director of the University of California Curation Center (UC3) at California Digital Library (CDL)
avatar for Jennifer Lin

Jennifer Lin

Director of Product Management, Crossref
avatar for Carly Strasser

Carly Strasser

Director of Academic Alliances & Data Strategy, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Thursday October 11, 2018 4:00pm - 4:30pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8
Friday, October 12


Explain It to Me Like I Am Five Years Old: Science Outreach as a Model for Conference Presentations
Why don't we explain research to adults like we explain it to kids? University of Washington Science Explorers is a science outreach program that brings science lessons one day a week to a Seattle Elementary school. The graduate students running this program have developed a method for designing engaging and effective science lessons for students using a combination of multimedia resources and hands-on activities. My talk will explain how this structure used to engage elementary students can also be used to design scholarly talks like conference presentations. Using this method, it is possible to be more effective at grabbing an audience's attention, keeping them involved in a talk and improve their retention and appreciation for the information. To demonstrate this, I will structure this FORCE2018 talk using those methods.


Brian Katona

University of Washington

Friday October 12, 2018 9:30am - 10:00am
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


The harsh lessons from 4 years of community building at protocols.io
Many know that culture change in science communication is extraordinarily difficult and that the "build it and they will come" approach is doomed. So what does it take to build an engaged community from scratch? We will share the data behind the adoption of protocols.io and exactly what does and does not work for a new science communication effort.

avatar for Lenny Teytelman

Lenny Teytelman

CEO, protocols.io
Lenny has over a decade of computational and experimental biology experience. He did his graduate studies at UC Berkeley, and it was his struggle with correcting a published research method as a postdoc at MIT that led him to cofound protocols.io. Lenny brings to protocols.io a strong... Read More →

Friday October 12, 2018 10:00am - 10:30am
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Open Source for Open Access: Growing a Cross-Publisher Technology Community
In mid-2017, Hindawi, eLife, and the University of California Press joined the Collaborative Knowledge Foundation (Coko), to develop shared, open-source peer review and journal software together. Over the last year, we have seen organizations of all shapes and sizes join the community, including a commercial publisher, a non-profit, a university press and a scholarly society.

We propose to bring together speakers from the Coko community to discuss how we've managed to engage with each other across company and geographic boundaries. Topics will include collaborative development, collaborative design, and community building, with examples of what's worked and what hasn't. We'll share what we've learned from the open source community outside publishing and what practices we've found work specifically for the scholarly communications domain.


Friday October 12, 2018 11:00am - 11:30am
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Thanks, Sci-Hub!
Finding discussion topics around open access that resonate with your campus community is often quite difficult. In general, authors can agree that academic publishing is broken, but when it comes to action involving negotiating with publishers or paying author processing charges for open access, it is a hard sell to move from talk to walk. One conversation topic, however, has been generating quite the buzz on Vanderbilt University’s campus. Sci-Hub is a crowd favorite when it comes to engaging workshop or meeting attendees, and never fails to generate lively conversation ranging from apathy regarding the website’s illegal status to absolute horror at the idea of their work ending up on the site. Sci-Hub has been the greatest discussion generator since the Science sting, and it often ends with the author recognizing that action can and should be taken to ensure readers worldwide do not have to resort to black open access simply to perform research. This talk will discuss the various angles one could use when discussing Sci-Hub and demonstrates how you can advocate for open access publishing by making Sci-Hub conversations a regular part of your engagement and outreach efforts.

avatar for Elisabeth Shook

Elisabeth Shook

Head, Scholarly Communications and Data Management, Boise State University

Friday October 12, 2018 11:30am - 12:00pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Open access is gaining ground – it's time to talk about the infrastructure
While open access is gaining ground in national and institutional publishing policies, the question how the change to open access will happen is still unclear. Many countries have adopted large-scale journal flipping initiatives that aim to change the business model of publishers. This licensing-approach is probably one that is most likely to deliver results in the short run, yet it comes with disadvantages such as a) the exclusion of poorer players in the global research landscape, b) the reproduction of the dependence from traditional publishers, and c) the dependence from an analogue product (the academic article). The talk will therefore outline potential adverse effects of offsetting agreements and large-scale journal-flipping initiatives and discuss public infrastructure alternatives for open access publishing as well as the challenges in their adoption.

avatar for Benedikt Fecher

Benedikt Fecher

Programme Director "Learning, Knowledge, Innovation", Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society
- Open Access infrastructures- Societal impact (ways to measure)

Friday October 12, 2018 1:40pm - 2:10pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


#omg #OA #search #foreveryone #lit
This session is an inferno of engagement! We’re prioritizing audience participation, and we’ll be describing a project all about getting the whole world engaged in the peer-reviewed literature. We’ll start with audience members pairing up: one person (with a laptop) will act out a persona searching for open, comprehensible, peer-reviewed resources (personas might include a physical therapist, an amature astronamer, a schoolteacher, etc), while the other observes and takes notes. The audience will come together to highlight problems with the current search and access model. Then we’ll move into a discussion of “OpenAlex,” a newly-launched (right before FORCE), free, open-source search engine created to solve these problems. OpenAlex is built on the 17M OA resources in the Unpaywall database. It supports a search experience tailored to non-academic users, by offering a simple clean interface, search suggestions, jargon translation, multiple languages, and--most importantly--a corpus that’s 100% free to read by everyone. We’ll wrap up by working with the audience to help plan the direction of OpenAlex as it moves toward wider release.

COI Statement: OpenAlex is a free, open-source project of the nonprofit Impactstory, of which the presenters are cofounders.

avatar for Unpaywall Journals

Unpaywall Journals

Cofounder, Our Research (Unpaywall)
Unpaywall Journals is a data dashboard with journal-level citations, downloads, open access statistics, and more to help you confidently manage your serials collection: https://unpaywall.org/journals... Read More →
avatar for Jason Priem

Jason Priem

co-founder, Our Research

Friday October 12, 2018 2:10pm - 2:40pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Book Sprints: Collaborative writing that engages scholars and their audiences
Scholarly communication regularly faces the challenge to communicate across the gap between the expertise of the subject-matter experts and that of their readers, students, other disciplines, or communities outside of academia. Collaborative writing sprints are a chance for scholars to engage their readers directly by making them co-authors in the writing process.

The Book Sprints methodology has been used for ten years to create collaborative publications; by professors, students, and learn design experts to write open textbooks; by representatives of different disciplines mapping and defining an interdisciplinary field in formation; by academics and community activists to formulate guidebooks and manifestos.

Guided by a Book Sprints facilitator, the scholars and practitioners with different backgrounds constantly check each others biases and jargon, and thus ensure a publication both reader-friendly and useful for the target audience. And because the target audience is already engaged, each contributor becomes a valuable multiplier in the dissemination of the publication. The contributors are supported by an online collaborative writing environment developed by the Collaborative Knowledge Foundation and a team of Book Sprints’ designers and copy-editors co-creating the book in a five-day sprint.

This session explores some of the learnings of the last ten years in collaborative scholarly writing and publishing.

avatar for Barbara Rühling

Barbara Rühling

CEO, Book Sprints
Collaboration, Facilitation

Friday October 12, 2018 3:00pm - 3:30pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


A crowdsourced initiative to compare quality of reporting between preprints and peer-reviewed articles in biomedical science
Scientific communication is evolving rapidly with new technologies, challenging long-established dogma within the publication system. The recent rise in the use of preprints in the biomedical sciences has opened up a discussion on the value and/or necessity of prepublication peer review as a quality control mechanism. Nevertheless, there is currently no empirical data on how preprints measure up to peer-reviewed articles in terms of quality to solve this debate. Although scientific quality has many dimensions, a relatively simple one to access is quality of reporting of methods and results – something that can be gauged by objective metrics and should be one of the most accessible features for improvement by peer review. With this in mind, we developed a crowdsourced initiative to compare quality of reporting between preprints and peer-reviewed articles in the life sciences. We developed and registered a protocol composed of objective questions to measure quality of reporting, and subsequently recruited evaluators within the biomedical community as volunteers to evaluate random samples of articles in bioRxiv and PubMed. We are currently working with 14 evaluators across the globe, and should have final results for our predefined sample size of 76 articles per group available in the middle of the year. This would put us in an ideal position to present the results on the FORCE2018 Meeting, with a project that is both relevant to the central interests of the FORCE11 community and to the specific theme of engaging researchers through a crowdsourced approach to solve a common problem. More information on the project can be assessed at http://asapbio.org/amaral-quality and at https://osf.io/rxqn4/.
Conflict of interest statement: I am currently an ambassador for ASAPbio, a scientist-driven non-profit organization for promoting transparency and innovation in life sciences communication.


Friday October 12, 2018 3:30pm - 4:00pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8


Metrics Literacy: Educating Researchers and Research Support Staff Regarding Scholarly Metrics
The talk introduces the Metrics Literacy project, which aims improve the way in which researchers and research support staff (e.g., research managers, research librarians, science communicators and funding organizations) can be trained to ensure that scholarly metrics are applied and interpreted appropriately. It aims to reduce misuse of indicators, such as the impact factor and h-index, and the application of quantitative measurements in inapt contexts by developing online resources (so-called building blocks), which convey the meaning of various scholarly indicators in an easy-to-understand fashion. Building blocks are targeted at specific audiences (e.g., researchers or funders) and address one of five main questions and four fields of application (i.e., usage metrics, altmetrics, bibliometrics and technometrics) and will be distributed using the Software Carpentry framework. The project intends to improve metrics literacy in academia and inform current scientometric research about the use of scholarly metrics.

avatar for Stefanie Haustein

Stefanie Haustein

University of Ottawa

Friday October 12, 2018 4:00pm - 4:30pm
Ballroom, New Residence Hall Conference Centre, McGill University 3625 avenue du Parc Montreal, Quebec H2X 3P8